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Characterization of amine oxidases from Arthrobacter aurescens and application for determination of biogenic amines.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23225177     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Biogenic amines (BAs) that are produced through naturally occurring decarboxylation of amino acids have toxicological effects on humans. Bacterial amine oxidases are useful tools for the rapid quantification of BAs in foods. To develop amine oxidases for the rapid detection of BAs, the genes for amine oxidases from Arthobacter aurescens TC-1, designated AMAO1, AMAO2, and AMAO3, respectively, were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. AMAO1 was catalytically inactive to BAs, and AMAO3 showed a narrow substrate spectrum. In contrast, AMAO2 exhibited activity with relative k (cat)/K (M) values of 100:49.6:7.6 for 2-phenylethylamine, tyramine, and histamine, respectively. AMAO2 also utilized putrescine and spermidine as substrates, with four or five orders of magnitude lower k (cat)/K (M) values than that of 2-phenylethylamine. AMAO2 and AMAO3 were seriously affected by substrate inhibition. Using BA mixtures (consisting of 2-phenylethylamine, tyramine, and histamine) as samples, the detection range of the enzymatic analysis of BA using AMAO2 was determined to be 2.5-120 μM, and its detection limit was 2.3 μM. Analysis of five commercial cheese products revealed that the BA contents determined by the enzymatic methods showed a good agreement with the sum of three monoamines and histamine by HPLC. Therefore, the enzymatic assay using AMAO2 can be used in quality control of food products through rapid, sensitive, and preliminary estimation of major BAs including the most important TyrN and HisN in foods.
Jae-Ick Lee; Young-Wan Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of microbiology & biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-0972     ISO Abbreviation:  World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9012472     Medline TA:  World J Microbiol Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Food and Biotechnology, Korea University, Sejong, 339-700, Korea.
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