Document Detail


Characterization of acute and chronic whiplash-associated disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19411765     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
SYNOPSIS: The development of chronic pain and disability following whiplash injury is common and contributes substantially to personal and economic costs related with this condition. Emerging evidence demonstrates the clinical presence of alterations in the sensory and motor systems, including psychological distress in all individuals with a whiplash injury, regardless of recovery. However, individuals who transition to the chronic state present with a more complex clinical picture characterized by the presence of widespread sensory hypersensitivity, as well as significant posttraumatic stress reactions. Based on the diversity of the signs and symptoms experienced by individuals with a whiplash condition, clinicians must take into account the more readily observable/measurable differences in motor, sensory, and psychological dysfunction. The implications for the assessment and management of this condition are discussed. Further review into the pathomechanical, pathoanatomical, and pathophysiological features of the condition also will be discussed.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 5.J
Authors:
James M Elliott; Jon Timothy Noteboom; Timothy W Flynn; Michele Sterling
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0190-6011     ISO Abbreviation:  J Orthop Sports Phys Ther     Publication Date:  2009 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-04     Completed Date:  2010-09-14     Revised Date:  2013-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7908150     Medline TA:  J Orthop Sports Phys Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  312-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Clinical Research Excellence for Spinal Pain, Injury and Health, Division of Physiotherapy, the University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. j.elliott2@uq.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acute Disease
Biomechanics
Chronic Disease
Humans
Prognosis
Risk Factors
Whiplash Injuries / diagnosis*,  etiology,  pathology,  physiopathology

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