Document Detail


Characterization and Preliminary Toxicity Assay of Nano-Titanium Dioxide Additive in Sugar-Coated Chewing Gum.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23065899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Nanotechnology shows great potential for producing food with higher quality and better taste through including new additives, improving nutrient delivery, and using better packaging. However, lack of investigations on safety issues of nanofood has resulted in public fears. How to characterize engineered nanomaterials in food and assess the toxicity and health impact of nanofood remains a big challenge. Herein, a facile and highly reliable separation method of TiO(2) particles from food products (focusing on sugar-coated chewing gum) is reported, and the first comprehensive characterization study on food nanoparticles by multiple qualitative and quantitative methods is provided. The detailed information on nanoparticles in gum includes chemical composition, morphology, size distribution, crystalline phase, particle and mass concentration, surface charge, and aggregation state. Surprisingly, the results show that the number of food products containing nano-TiO(2) (<200 nm) is much larger than known, and consumers have already often been exposed to engineered nanoparticles in daily life. Over 93% of TiO(2) in gum is nano-TiO(2) , and it is unexpectedly easy to come out and be swallowed by a person who chews gum. Preliminary cytotoxicity assays show that the gum nano-TiO(2) particles are relatively safe for gastrointestinal cells within 24 h even at a concentration of 200 μg mL(-1) . This comprehensive study demonstrates accurate physicochemical property, exposure, and cytotoxicity information on engineered nanoparticles in food, which is a prerequisite for the successful safety assessment of nanofood products.
Authors:
Xin-Xin Chen; Bin Cheng; Yi-Xin Yang; Aoneng Cao; Jia-Hui Liu; Li-Jing Du; Yuanfang Liu; Yuliang Zhao; Haifang Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1613-6829     ISO Abbreviation:  Small     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101235338     Medline TA:  Small     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Affiliation:
Institute of Nanochemistry and Nanobiology, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China.
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