Document Detail


Characterization of PM10 samples from Vanderbijlpark in South Africa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23030393     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this study, mass concentrations and physico-chemical characteristics of suspended particulates of aerodynamic size 10 μm (PM10) were evaluated. A dual E-Sampler which combines the light scatter and the gravimetric filter methods was used. Sampling occurred between August and December 2009. Scanning Electron Microscope - Energy Dispersive Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) and Inductively Coupled Plasma 6000 were used for elemental and physical characterization. The highest daily average mass concentration measured was 0.03543 mg/m(3) and was below the international and national daily limit of 0.150 mg/m(3), as well as the strict Vaal Triangle regional standard of 0.075 μg/m(3). Relatively high daily average mass concentrations were obtained during the winter period. Concentrations of evaluated heavy metals decreased in the following order: iron (Fe) > manganese (Mn) > zinc (Zn) > copper (Cu) > vanadium (V) > titanium (Ti) > nickel (Ni) > lead (Pb). Positive correlations were established between Zn and Pb (r = 0.916); Zn and Mn (r = 0.883); Zn and V (0.984); Zn and Ni (r = 0.877); Zn and Fe (r = 0.914), which suggests common sources. However, Zn and Ti (r = 0.522); Zn and Cu (0.781) were poorly correlated.
Authors:
Shadung J Moja; Jeremiah S Mnisi; Mathews M Nindi; Jonathan O Okonkwo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1532-4117     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9812551     Medline TA:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  99-107     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
a Department of Environmental Science , University of South Africa , Florida , South Africa.
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