Document Detail

Characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from food and food products of poultry origin in Germany.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21724898     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
During a survey of fresh chicken and turkey meat as well as chicken and turkey meat products for the presence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates in Germany, 32 (37.2%) of 86 samples were MRSA positive. Twenty-eight of these MRSA isolates belonged to clonal complex 398 (CC398), which is widespread among food-producing animals. These CC398 isolates carried SCCmec elements of type IV or V and exhibited spa type t011, t034, t899, t2346 or t6574 and either the known dru types dt2b, dt6j, dt10a, dt10q, dt11a, dt11v, and dt11ab or the novel dru types dt6m, dt10as, and dt10at. In addition, two MRSA sequence type 9 (ST9) isolates with a type IV SCCmec cassette, spa type t1430, and dru type dt10a as well as single MRSA ST5 and ST1791 isolates with a type III SCCmec cassette, spa type t002, and dru type dt9v were identified. All but two isolates were classified as multiresistant. A wide variety of resistance phenotypes and genotypes were detected. All isolates were negative for the major virulence factors, such as Panton-Valentine leukocidin, toxic shock syndrome toxin 1, or exfoliative toxins. In contrast to the MRSA CC398 isolates, the four ST9, ST5, or ST1791 isolates harbored the egc gene cluster for enterotoxin G, I, M, N, O, and U genes. Although the relevance of contamination of fresh poultry meat or poultry products with MRSA is currently unclear, the presence of multiresistant and, in part, enterotoxigenic MRSA emphasizes the need for further studies to elucidate possible health hazards for consumers.
Andrea T Fessler; Kristina Kadlec; Melanie Hassel; Tomasz Hauschild; Christopher Eidam; Ralf Ehricht; Stefan Monecke; Stefan Schwarz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-07-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied and environmental microbiology     Volume:  77     ISSN:  1098-5336     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Environ. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-06     Completed Date:  2012-02-02     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605801     Medline TA:  Appl Environ Microbiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7151-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Farm Animal Genetics, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Höltystr. 10, 31535 Neustadt-Mariensee, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
Bacterial Proteins / genetics
Bacterial Toxins / genetics
DNA, Bacterial / genetics
Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial
Enterotoxins / genetics
Exfoliatins / genetics
Exotoxins / genetics
Genes, Bacterial
Leukocidins / genetics
Meat / microbiology*
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus / classification,  drug effects,  genetics,  isolation & purification*
Molecular Typing
Multigene Family
Staphylococcal Protein A / genetics
Superantigens / genetics
Virulence Factors / genetics
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0/Bacterial Proteins; 0/Bacterial Toxins; 0/DNA, Bacterial; 0/Enterotoxins; 0/Exfoliatins; 0/Exotoxins; 0/Leukocidins; 0/Panton-Valentine leukocidin; 0/Staphylococcal Protein A; 0/Superantigens; 0/Virulence Factors; 0/enterotoxin F, Staphylococcal; 0/mecA protein, Staphylococcus aureus

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