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Characterization of a Glycoside Hydrolase Family 1 β-Galactosidase from Hot Spring Metagenome with Transglycosylation Activity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23015191     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A novel, thermostable, alkalophilic β-D-galactosidase (Mbgl) was isolated from a metagenome of geothermal springs in northern Himalayan region of India. Mbgl was 447 amino acids in size and had conserved catalytic residues E170 and E358, indicating that it belonged to family 1 of glycosyl hydrolases showing maximum homology (89 %) with uncharacterized β-galactosidase of Eubacterium, Meiothermus ruber DSM1279. Temperature and pH optima of Mbgl were 65 °C and 8.0 respectively, and it retained 80 % activity even at pH 10.0. Mbgl was active as a homotetramer, recognized β-(1,4)-D-galactoside as the preferred glycosidic bond, and preferentially hydrolyzed pNPgal with K (m) 3.33 mM and k (cat) 2,000 s(-1). It displayed high transglycosylation activity with wide acceptor specificity including hexoses and pentoses leading to the formation of prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharides whereas its lactose hydrolysis potential was low.
Authors:
Richa Gupta; Tanvi Govil; Neena Capalash; Prince Sharma
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied biochemistry and biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-0291     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8208561     Medline TA:  Appl Biochem Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Biotechnology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014, India.
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