Document Detail


Characterization of connective tissue growth factor expression in primary cultures of human tubular epithelial cells: modulation by hypoxia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20032117     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Tubular epithelial cells secrete connective tissue growth factor (CTGF, CCN2), which contributes to tubulointerstitial fibrosis. However, the molecular regulation of CTGF in human primary tubular epithelial cells (hPTECs) is not well defined. Therefore, CTGF expression was characterized in hPTECs isolated from healthy parts of tumor nephrectomies, with special emphasis on the regulation by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and hypoxia, essential factors in the development of fibrosis. CTGF synthesis was strongly dependent on cell density. High CTGF levels were detected in sparse cells, whereas CTGF expression was reduced in confluent cells. Concomitantly, stimulation of CTGF by TGF-beta or the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin was prevented in dense cells. Exposure of hPTECs to low oxygen tension (1% O2) or the hypoxia mimetic dimethyl-oxalylglycine for 24 h reduced CTGF gene expression in most of the 17 preparations analyzed. Preincubation of the cells under hypoxic conditions significantly reduced TGF-beta-mediated upregulation of CTGF. In line with these data, CTGF mRNA was only induced in interstitial cells, but not in tubular cells in kidneys of mice exposed to hypoxia. Longer exposure to hypoxia or TGF-beta (up to 72 h) did not induce hPTECs to adopt a mesenchymal phenotype characterized by upregulation of alpha-smooth muscle actin, downregulation of E-cadherin, or increased sensitivity of the cells in terms of CTGF expression. Sensitivity was restored by inhibition of DNA methylation. Taken together, our data provide evidence that exposure to hypoxia decreased CTGF gene expression. Furthermore, hypoxia per se was not sufficient to induce a mesenchymal phenotype in primary tubular epithelial cells.
Authors:
Sven Kroening; Emily Neubauer; Bernd Wullich; Jan Aten; Margarete Goppelt-Struebe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-12-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Renal physiology     Volume:  298     ISSN:  1522-1466     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-25     Completed Date:  2010-03-19     Revised Date:  2011-04-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901990     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Renal Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  F796-806     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, University Hospital of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amino Acids, Dicarboxylic / pharmacology
Cell Culture Techniques
Cell Hypoxia
Cell Proliferation
Cells, Cultured
Connective Tissue Growth Factor / genetics,  metabolism*
DNA Methylation
DNA Modification Methylases / antagonists & inhibitors,  metabolism
Deoxyuridine / analogs & derivatives,  pharmacology
Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
Epithelial Cells / drug effects,  metabolism*
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors / pharmacology
Humans
Hydroxamic Acids / pharmacology
Kidney Tubules / drug effects,  metabolism*
Oxygen / metabolism
Phenotype
RNA, Messenger / metabolism
Time Factors
Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism
Up-Regulation
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids, Dicarboxylic; 0/CTGF protein, human; 0/Enzyme Inhibitors; 0/Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors; 0/Hydroxamic Acids; 0/RNA, Messenger; 0/Transforming Growth Factor beta; 139568-91-5/Connective Tissue Growth Factor; 5262-39-5/oxalylglycine; 58880-19-6/trichostatin A; 7782-44-7/Oxygen; 951-78-0/Deoxyuridine; EC 2.1.1.-/DNA Modification Methylases

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