Document Detail

Characterization of Clonal Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Lines Derived from Young and Old Fischer 344 Rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21656075     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
A significant finding with aging humans (and aging animal models) is that blood vessels lose their ability to respond to beta-adrenergic receptor stimuli. Therefore, they produce less cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and have decreased vasorelaxation with advancing age. This change likely contributes to hypertension, insufficient blood flow, and atherosclerosis. Our goal was to develop a vascular smooth muscle cell culture model that replicates the molecular and biochemical changes observed in blood vessels with advancing age. A clonal selection strategy was used to produce cell lines from 2-, 6-, 12-, and 24-month-old male Fischer 344 rat aortae. Cultures were validated as smooth muscle cells with immunocytochemistry positive for α-actin and negative for von Willebrand factor VIII. Positive staining for G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 indicated presence of this adrenergic receptor regulator. A total of n = 5 clones from n = 7 animals for each age group were initially analyzed for cAMP accumulation under three conditions: basal, isoproterenol stimulated, and forskolin stimulated. Results found that at passage 3, there was a significant reduction in cAMP accumulation to isoproterenol. However, this reduction disappeared by passage 6. Secondary analysis segregated clones into phenotypic age groups independent of donor animal age. Segregation identified n = 3 clones per group. At passage 3, the age-related change in the beta-adrenergic change was magnified. However, even with segregation, the adrenergic response was lost by passage 6. Our results show that early passaged clonal vascular smooth muscle cell cultures maintain their aging, adrenergic phenotype. Two separate strategies to identify age-representative phenotypes into later passage were unsuccessful.
William E Schutzer; Douglas R Beard; John F Reed; Scott L Mader
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  In vitro cellular & developmental biology. Animal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1543-706X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9418515     Medline TA:  In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Portland VA Medical Center, Research Service, R&D 26, 3710 SW US Veterans Hospital Rd., Portland, OR, 97201, USA.
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