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Characterization of 4,4'-Diisothiocyano-2,2'-disulfonic Acid Stilbene Inhibition of 3-Phosphoglycerate-Dependent O(2) Evolution in Isolated Chloroplasts : Evidence for a Common Binding Site on the C(4) Phosphate Translocator for 3-Phosphoglycerate, Phosphoenolpyruvate, and Inorganic Phosphate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16664279     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
3-Phosphoglycerate (PGA)-dependent O(2) evolution by mesophyll chloroplasts of the C(4) plant, Digitaria sanguinalis L. Scop. (crabgrass), was inhibited by micromolar levels of 4,4'-diisothiocyano-2,2'-disulfonic acid stilbene (DIDS). As little as 1.8 micromolar DIDS added to the assay medium (containing 0.7 millimolar PGA) resulted in 80 to 100% inhibition of O(2) evolution. The extent of inhibition of O(2) evolution observed was dependent on various factors including: pH, concentration of DIDS to relative chlorophyll, concentration of PGA, and the time of addition of DIDS to the chloroplasts relative to addition of PGA.Preincubation of crabgrass chloroplasts with micromolar levels of DIDS, followed by washing to remove any nonirreversibly bound DIDS, inhibited PGA-dependent O(2) evolution. Protection against this inhibition was afforded by preincubating the chloroplasts with various substrates before adding DIDS. For example, if the chloroplasts were first incubated with 8.3 millimolar PGA, phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) or inorganic phosphate before adding 42 micromolar DIDS, the percentage of inhibition was decreased from 100% (without any substrate) to 0, 54, and 67%, respectively. 2-Phosphoglycerate caused a slight decrease in the inhibition (about 10%) and glucose-6-phosphate had no protective effect. If the chloroplasts were pretreated with DIDS initially, the inhibition could not be overcome by PGA, suggesting that DIDS acts as an irreversible inhibitor. Micromolar levels of DIDS also inhibited PGA dependent O(2) evolution by isolated chloroplasts of the C(3) plant barley. As with crabgrass, preincubation with PGA or inorganic phosphate resulted in a decrease in the DIDS inhibition, but PEP was very ineffective compared to the C(4) chloroplasts.Oxalacetate-dependent O(2) evolution and its stimulation by the uncoupler, NH(4)Cl, were unaffected by the addition of DIDS to crabgrass mesophyll chloroplasts. Furthermore, preincubation of the chloroplasts with DIDS (up to 65 micromolar) had no inhibitory effect on the extractable activity of NADP glyceraldehyde-3-P dehydrogenase and phosphoglycerate kinase. Inhibition by DIDS was interpreted to be at the substrate binding site of the phosphate translocator. The data further suggest that in C(4) crabgrass chloroplasts, PEP is transported on a carrier which also transports PGA.
Authors:
M E Rumpho; G E Edwards
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0032-0889     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Physiol.     Publication Date:  1985 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-06-29     Revised Date:  2010-09-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401224     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  537-44     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Botany, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164-4230.
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