Document Detail

Characteristics of weak base-induced vacuoles formed around individual acidic organelles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21744328     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
We have previously found that the weak base 4-aminopyridine induces Brownian motion of acidic organelles around which vacuoles are formed, causing organelle traffic disorder in neurons. Our present study investigated the characteristics of vacuoles induced by weak bases (NH(4)Cl, aminopyridines, and chloroquine) using mouse cells. Individual vacuoles included acidic organelles identified by fluorescent protein expression. Mitochondria and actin filaments were extruded outside the vacuoles, composing the vacuole rim. Staining with amine-reactive fluorescence showed no protein/amino acid content in vacuoles. Thus, serous vacuolar contents are probably partitioned by viscous cytosol, other organelles, and cytoskeletons, but not membrane. The weak base (chloroquine) was immunochemically detected in intravacuolar organelles, but not in vacuoles. Early vacuolization was reversible, but long-term vacuolization caused cell death. The vacuolization and cell death were blocked by the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase inhibitor and Cl--free medium. Staining with LysoTracker or LysoSensor indicated that intravacuolar organelles were strongly acidic and vacuoles were slightly acidic. This suggests that vacuolization is caused by accumulation of weak base and H(+) in acidic organelles, driven by vacuolar H(+)-ATPase associated with Cl(-) entering, and probably by subsequent extrusion of H(+) and water from organelles to the surrounding cytoplasm. (Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica 2011; Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 272-279).
Hiromi Hiruma; Tadashi Kawakami
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Folia histochemica et cytobiologica / Polish Academy of Sciences, Polish Histochemical and Cytochemical Society     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1897-5631     ISO Abbreviation:  Folia Histochem. Cytobiol.     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502651     Medline TA:  Folia Histochem Cytobiol     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  272-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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