Document Detail


Characteristics and potential functions of human milk adiponectin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20105665     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Adiponectin is a protein hormone produced by adipose tissue, whose circulating levels are inversely related to adiposity and inflammation. Adiponectin circulates as oligomers, from the low-molecular-weight trimer to the high-molecular-weight octodecamer (18 mer). Each oligomer has distinct biological activities, which include enhancement of insulin sensitivity and metabolic control and suppression of inflammation. Adiponectin occurs in human milk at higher concentrations than leptin. The adiponectin in human milk is almost entirely of the high-molecular-weight form, the form with the highest activity in controlling many types of metabolic processes. Human adiponectin fed to infant mice is transported across the intestinal mucosa into the serum. An inverse relationship between adiponectin levels in milk and adiposity (weight-for-height) of the breast-fed infant was observed and could be due to modulation of infant metabolism by milk adiponectin and may be related to the observed protection against obesity by breast-feeding. Human milk may be a medium whereby the hormonal milieu (in response to internal factors and the environment) of the mother can be used to communicate with the breast-fed infant to modify infant metabolic processes. Transmission of information from mother to infant through milk may allow adaptation to fluctuating environmental conditions.
Authors:
David S Newburg; Jessica G Woo; Ardythe L Morrow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  156     ISSN:  1097-6833     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-28     Completed Date:  2010-03-01     Revised Date:  2014-09-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S41-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adiponectin / analysis,  physiology
Adiposity / physiology
Body Weight
Child Development / physiology
Female
Humans
Infant
Milk, Human / chemistry*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD013021/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P01 HD013021/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P01 HD013021-31A16535/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/ADIPOQ protein, human; 0/Adiponectin
Comments/Corrections

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