Document Detail

Characteristics of perceived parenting styles in Japan using the EMBU scale.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10510694     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The EMBU (Egna Minnen av Barndoms Uppfostran) is a self-report questionnaire for the assessment of one's memory of parental rearing experiences. We are interested in using this scale to determine the characteristics of perceived parenting styles in Japan. METHOD: The study subjects consisted of 1320 healthy Japanese volunteers, comprising 687 males (52%) and 633 females (48%). We investigated the relationship between demographics and the EMBU scale. RESULTS: ANCOVA revealed that the subject's gender had a significant effect on paternal rejection scores (male > female), and both gender and birth-order position had significant effects on emotional warmth scores for both parents (female > male, and only-child > middle or last-born child). Birth-order position had significant effects on maternal over-protection, with the highest score being that of only children, and on the aspect of favouritism (favouring subjects), scores for both parents were highest from the last-born children. Rejection scores for the mother were significantly higher than those for the father from female subjects. Among both male and female subjects, emotional warmth scores and overprotection scores for the mother were significantly higher than those for the father. Among male subjects, scores for the mother on favouritism of the subject were significantly higher than those for the father. On the other hand, among female subjects, scores for the father on favouritism of the subject were higher than scores for the mother. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that parenting styles have significant interrelationships with the gender and birth-order position of the subject.
T Someya; T Uehara; M Kadowaki; S W Tang; S Takahashi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica     Volume:  100     ISSN:  0001-690X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Psychiatr Scand     Publication Date:  1999 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-11-09     Completed Date:  1999-11-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370364     Medline TA:  Acta Psychiatr Scand     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  258-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, Niigata University School of Medicine, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Order
Follow-Up Studies
Parent-Child Relations
Comment In:
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1999 Oct;100(4):249-51   [PMID:  10510692 ]

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