Document Detail


Characteristics and functions of NG2 cells in normal brain and neuropathology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19298754     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: This review is focused on the current understanding of the roles of the fifth class of non-neuronal cells, NG2 cells, in the central nervous system (CNS). METHODS: We have reviewed some literature on properties of NG2 cells, including cell morphology, expression of receptors and possible functions. RESULTS: Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (NG2) is expressed in a high proportion in non-neuronal cells of the CNS. During development, NG2 cells can differentiate into oligodendrocytes, astrocytes and neurons. In the adult, the NG2 cells have a common morphology: multibranched processes and small cell bodies, and are ubiquitously distributed throughout brain parenchyma. They possess some functional receptors and contact neurons at nodes of Ranvier or via synaptic terminals. Some NG2 cells can even fire action potential. Various brain injury models have demonstrated that NG2 cells adjacent to the damage site could increase in number and become hypertrophic. However, there is no clear evidence indicating the function of NG2 cells in the adult brain. DISCUSSION: The function of NG2 cells in the adult brain is still uncertain. The NG2 expressing cells may be progenitor cells in the developing brain. In the adult, the discovery of functional receptors, interactions with neurons and ability to respond to different harmful stimulations have implied roles of NG2 cells in facilitating neuronal network function, which may be important in brain inflammation, neurodegeneration and neuroregeneration.
Authors:
Anni Wang; Bei Ping He
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurological research     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0161-6412     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurol. Res.     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-03-20     Completed Date:  2009-05-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905298     Medline TA:  Neurol Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  144-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anatomy, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Brain / pathology*,  physiology*
Cell Differentiation
Cell Line, Transformed
Central Nervous System Diseases / metabolism,  pathology,  physiopathology
Oligodendroglia / classification,  physiology*
Proteochondroitin Sulfates / metabolism*
Rats
Stem Cells
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Proteochondroitin Sulfates

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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