Document Detail


Characteristics of dwellings contaminated by moulds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18528539     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Dwellings showing a presence of moulds are considered to be unhealthy both by the inhabitants and by sanitary authorities. Although the thresholds of pathogenicity have not yet been established, the toxic, allergic and infectious risk of indoor moulds is better understood today. A study on indoor fungi contamination for 128 dwellings was done between October and May in France. It concerned 69 dwellings, the occupants of which either complained to the sanitary authorities about problems of moulds and humidity or consulted a doctor who related their symptoms to housing conditions. Fifty-nine other dwellings, the occupants of which were healthy, constituted the control group. We present the statistical analysis of questionnaires, which aimed to clarify characteristics of dwellings associated with high concentrations of airborne moulds. Air samples were taken with an impactor in 500 rooms. On visiting dwellings, investigators obtained answers to 25 questions concerning characteristics of inhabitants and living space, as well as the presence of mould indicators. Indoor and outdoor temperature and indoor relative humidity of air measurements were taken. The total concentration of fungi in the air was significantly higher in ground floor apartments versus those on other floors (p = 0.047), in small and highly occupied dwellings (p = 0.03 and 0.003), in dwellings with electric heating (p = 0.04), without a ventilation system (p = 0.003), with water damage (p = 0.003), and finally, in those where the investigator noted an odour of moisture or visible moulds (p < 0.001). The efficacy of the latter criteria in the evaluation of insalubrity is discussed.
Authors:
Sandrine Roussel; Gabriel Reboux; Anne-Pauline Bellanger; Stéphanie Sornin; Frédéric Grenouillet; Jean-Charles Dalphin; Renaud Piarroux; Laurence Millon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-04-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1464-0333     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Monit     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-05     Completed Date:  2008-09-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100968688     Medline TA:  J Environ Monit     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  724-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Mycology, University Hospital of Besancon, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Microbiology*
Air Pollution, Indoor* / adverse effects,  analysis,  statistics & numerical data
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Floors and Floorcoverings
France
Fungi*
Heating
Housing*
Humans
Humidity
Questionnaires
Risk Assessment
Temperature
Ventilation

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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