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Characteristics of the antitumor activities in tumor cells and modulation of the inflammatory response in RAW264.7 cells of a novel antimicrobial peptide, chrysophsin-1, from the red sea bream (Chrysophrys major).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21349308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The antimicrobial peptide, chrysophsin-1, exhibits antimicrobial activities with similar efficiencies for both gram-negative and -positive bacteria. In this study, we examined the antitumor activity and modulation of the inflammatory response of a synthetic chrysophsin-1 peptide. In vitro results showed that chrysophsin-1 had greater inhibitory effects against human fibrosarcoma (HT-1080), histiocytic lymphoma (U937), and epithelial carcinoma (HeLa) cells. LDH release by HeLa cells was comparable to that of an MTS assay after treatment with 1.5∼3μg/ml chrysophsin-1 for 24h. Under SEM and TEM observations, we found no intact cell membranes after chrysophsin-1 treatment of HeLa cells for 8h. The suggested mechanism of the cytotoxic activity of chrysophsin-1 was disruption of cancer cell membranes. In addition, we also examined caspase-3, -8, and -9 activities by Western blotting; the results excluded the participation of apoptosis in chrysophsin-1's effect on HeLa cells. Stimulation by lipopolysaccharide induced tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α which was able to modulate chrysophsin-1 treatment of RAW264.7 cells and inhibited endogenous TNF-α release but did not block its secretion. With data from this study, we demonstrate that chrysophsin-1 has antimicrobial and antitumor activities and modulates the inflammatory response in RAW264.7 cells.
Authors:
Jung-Chieh Hsu; Li-Ching Lin; Jason T C Tzen; Jyh-Yih Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Peptides     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-5169     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008690     Medline TA:  Peptides     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Graduate Institute of Biotechnology, National Chung-Hsing University, 250 Kuo-Kuang Rd., Taichung 402, Taiwan.
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