Document Detail


Characteristics of adult dentally fearful individuals. A cross-cultural study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10946760     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This cross-cultural study investigated adult dental fear patients in three countries. A joint intake interview questionnaire and a dental anxiety scale explored the level, background and concomitant factors of dental anxiety among patients at the Universities of Tel Aviv (Israel), Goteborg (Sweden), and Pittsburgh (USA). It was shown that patients at all three sites were quite similar with regard to age, sex, level of dental anxiety (DAS) and avoidance time. Negative emotions were common, with more negative everyday life effects among Swedish patients. Regardless of country, most patients stated that they had always been fearful, but environmental etiologic factors were frequently reported. Swedish patients more often reported both direct and indirect learning patterns than Israeli patients. Patients' motivation for treatment was high, while the belief in getting fear reduction was clearly lower. The most common reason for Israeli patients to seek treatment was a personal decision to try to cope with the situation, while for Swedish patients it was pain. Israeli and US patients preferred more 'active' modes of treatment such as behavioral management therapies, while Swedish patients equally preferred active and more 'passive' treatment approaches such as general anesthesia. Preference for dentist attributes were similar among groups and underlined the strong emphasis that fearful individuals place upon dentists' behaviors and their performance of dentistry.
Authors:
U Berggren; C J Pierce; I Eli
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of oral sciences     Volume:  108     ISSN:  0909-8836     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Oral Sci.     Publication Date:  2000 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-12-06     Completed Date:  2000-12-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504563     Medline TA:  Eur J Oral Sci     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  268-74     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Oral Diagnosis, Faculty of Odontology, Göteborg University, Sweden. ulf.berggren@odontologi.gu.se
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Behavior Therapy
Chi-Square Distribution
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
Dental Anxiety / ethnology*,  therapy
Female
Humans
Israel
Male
Manifest Anxiety Scale
Pennsylvania
Questionnaires
Sweden

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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