Document Detail

Chapter 4: neurology in the Bible and the Talmud.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19892107     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The Bible, a major pillar of Western Civilization consists of Hebrew Scriptures, assembled over a millennium and accepted as of divine origin. The Talmud is a compendium of Jewish laws, covering every possible aspect of life, analyzed in depth from 200 BCE to 600 CE, becoming the foundation of Jewish existence. The all-encompassing character of the books provides numerous medical problems and observations that appear in various connotations. When in need to clarify various legal dilemmas, the Talmudic sages displayed astoundingly accurate anatomical knowledge and were pioneers in clinical-pathological correlations. The descriptions of "neurological" events in the Bible are very precise but show no evidence of neurological knowledge. Those reported in the various tractates of the Talmud are evidence of a substantial medical knowledge, marked by Hellenistic influence. Subjects such as head and spinal injuries, epilepsy, handedness neuralgias aphasia tinnitus and tremor were discussed in depth. This chapter is an updated collection of the studies, extracting observations and discussions of neurological manifestations from the ancient texts.
Moshe Feinsod
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Handbook of clinical neurology     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0072-9752     ISO Abbreviation:  Handb Clin Neurol     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-06     Completed Date:  2010-12-16     Revised Date:  2013-03-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0166161     Medline TA:  Handb Clin Neurol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  37-47     Citation Subset:  IM    
Faculty of Medicine, The Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
History, Ancient
Judaism / history*
Nervous System Diseases / history*,  therapy
Neurology / history*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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