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Chapter 25: Idiopathic anaphylaxis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22794698     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Idiopathic anaphylaxis (IA) is defined as anaphylaxis without any identifiable precipitating agent or event. The clinical manifestations of IA are the same as allergen-associated (immunologic) anaphylaxis and include urticaria, angioedema, hypotension, tachycardia, wheezing, stridor, pruritus, nausea, vomiting, flushing, diarrhea, dysphagia, light-headedness, and loss of consciousness. Patients usually tend to have the same manifestations on repeated episodes. IA is a prednisone-responsive disease that is ultimately a diagnosis of exclusion. Approximately 40% of patients are atopic. Serum tryptase (or urine histamine or its metabolite) will be elevated acutely but if elevated in the absence of anaphylaxis, should suggest alternative diagnoses including indolent systemic mastocytosis. A focused history, examination, and follow-up will dictate whether a patient's symptoms may be attributable to disorders that mimic anaphylaxis, such as indolent systemic mastocytosis, carcinoid syndrome, pheochromocytoma, hereditary angioedema acquired C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency, or panic attacks. The presence of urticaria may help limit the differential because they do not usually accompany any of the aforementioned disorders, except for indolent systemic mastocytosis. IA is classified according to the symptoms as well as the frequency of attacks. Patients who experience six or more episodes in a year or two or more episodes in 2 months are classified as IA-frequent (IA-F). Patients who experience fewer episodes are classified as IA-infrequent (IA-I). This distinction is important because IA-F patients initially will require prednisone as disease-modifying therapy whereas most IA-I patients will not. Patients with IA must carry and know when and how to self-administer epinephrine.
Authors:
Karen Hsu Blatman; Anne Marie Ditto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Allergy and asthma proceedings : the official journal of regional and state allergy societies     Volume:  33 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1539-6304     ISO Abbreviation:  Allergy Asthma Proc     Publication Date:    2012 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9603640     Medline TA:  Allergy Asthma Proc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  84-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Allergy-Immunology, Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
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