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Chapter 16: Asthma in pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22794689     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The course of asthma during pregnancy may be affected by maternal physiological changes and triggers of asthma such as viral infections, exposure to allergens, and nonadherence with therapy. If asthma is uncontrolled, there are recognized harmful effects not only to the mother but also to the fetus. However, with effective asthma control, most women have outcomes, at or near that of the general population. Many medications are considered appropriate for use in pregnancy including inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) such as budesonide, beclomethasone dipropionate, and fluticasone and the leukotriene receptor antagonists montelukast and zafirlukast. When ICSs or ICS/long-acting beta(2)-adrenergic agonist combinations are not effective during exacerbations of asthma, short courses of oral corticosteroids should be administered earlier rather than later. Spirometry and flow volume loop tracings are useful measures of pulmonary function for gravidas. Results may be compared with nonpregnant reference values. Vocal cord dysfunction may be suspected when the inspiratory loop is truncated. The gravida does not reject the fetus because of lack of vascular continuity, a trophoblast layer causing separation, and suppressive mechanisms at the placental interface. The secretion of IL-10 increases in pregnancy and is lower in women with recurrent spontaneous abortions. Only immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclasses are transported across the placenta, especially IgG1, IgG3, and IgG4. Fetal B cells can produce endogenous IgE by 20 weeks of gestation.
Sara Bealert; Paul A Greenberger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Allergy and asthma proceedings : the official journal of regional and state allergy societies     Volume:  33 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1539-6304     ISO Abbreviation:  Allergy Asthma Proc     Publication Date:    2012 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9603640     Medline TA:  Allergy Asthma Proc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  55-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Allergy-Immunology, Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
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