Document Detail


Changes to articulation following LSVT(R) and traditional dysarthria therapy in non-progressive dysarthria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20433339     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT(R)) on acoustic and perceptual measures of articulation in non-progressive dysarthria in comparison to traditional dysarthria therapy. The study involved 26 individuals with non-progressive dysarthria who were randomly allocated to receive either LSVT(R) or traditional dysarthria therapy (TRAD), both of which were administered for 16 hourly sessions over 4 weeks. Participants' speech samples were collected over a total of six testing sessions during three assessment phases: (1) prior to treatment, (2) immediately post-treatment, and (3) 6 months post-treatment (FU). Speech samples were analysed perceptually to determine articulatory precision and intelligibility as well as acoustically using vowel space (and vowel formant measures) and first moment differences. Results revealed short and long-term significant increases in vowel space area following LSVT(R). Significantly increased intelligibility was also found at FU in the LSVT(R) group. No significant differences between groups for any variables were found. The study reveals that LSVT(R) may be a suitable treatment option for improving vowel articulation and subsequent intelligibility in some individuals with non-progressive dysarthria.
Authors:
Rachel J Wenke; Petrea Cornwell; Deborah G Theodoros
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of speech-language pathology     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1754-9515     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Speech Lang Pathol     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-03     Completed Date:  2010-08-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101320232     Medline TA:  Int J Speech Lang Pathol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  203-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Dysarthria / therapy*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Phonetics
Speech*
Speech Acoustics
Speech Articulation Tests
Speech Intelligibility
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Voice Training
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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