Document Detail


Changes in vascular responsiveness following chronic exposure to cold in the rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6629919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The responsiveness of smooth muscle from rings of aortic tissue of cold-acclimated (CA, 6 degrees C, 5-15 wk) rats to both alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonists and KCl was tested and compared with that of warm-adapted (25 degrees C) controls. alpha-Adrenergic stimulation, induced by low doses (10(-8)-10(-7) M) of phenylephrine and norepinephrine in the presence and absence of the beta-adrenergic antagonist, propranolol, resulted in the development of less active tension by aortic smooth muscle from CA rats than from controls. Similar results were observed with the weakly alpha 1-adrenergic agonistic activities of tyramine, clonidine, and high concentrations of isoproterenol (10(-6)-10(-4) M). There was also a significant reduction in the tension developed by smooth muscles of the aortas from CA rats when depolarized with KCl in concentrations ranging from 8 to 20 mM. In contrast, aortic smooth muscle, contracted to 75% of maximum with KCl, showed an enhanced relaxation to the beta-adrenergic agonist, isoproterenol, in CA rats. These studies suggest that acclimation of rats to cold results in both a decrease in alpha-adrenergic responsiveness and an increase in beta-adrenergic responsiveness in vascular smooth muscle as well as a change in the biochemical events that couple activation of adrenergic receptors to changes in vasomotor tone.
Authors:
B A Bryar; M J Fregly; F P Field
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0161-7567     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Publication Date:  1983 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-12-17     Completed Date:  1983-12-17     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801242     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  823-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acclimatization
Animals
Aorta / drug effects,  physiology*
Cold Temperature*
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Male
Muscle Contraction / drug effects
Muscle, Smooth / drug effects,  physiology
Potassium Chloride / pharmacology
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Time Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-14526-10/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7447-40-7/Potassium Chloride

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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