Document Detail

Changes in synaptic efficacy of dentate granule cells during operant behavior in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22108509     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
It is widely accepted that long-term potentiation (LTP) is one of the fundamental physiological mechanisms underlying memory function based on its response properties and behavior of the induced sites. Many experimental approaches have been used to investigate whether the mechanisms underlying LTP are activated during learning and whether these mechanisms underlie the formation of certain types of memory. However, relatively few studies have reported the time course of changes in the efficacy of synaptic transmission in the learning process. We simultaneously monitored changes in slope of field EPSPs (fEPSP slope) and the amplitude of population spikes (pop. spike) in perforant path-evoked potentials in the dentate gyrus over the course of an appetitively motivated operant paradigm in freely moving rats. We found that the fEPSP slope recorded from the granule cell layer was potentiated about 7%, the fEPSP slope recorded from the molecular layer was depressed about 20%, and the amplitude of pop. spike recorded from the granule cell layer was significantly depressed about 40% after the trial in which rats began to press the lever frequently. These results suggested that the granule cells in the dentate gyrus received excitatory inputs in the somatic region and inhibitory inputs in the dendritic region, and that outputs from the granule cells were significantly reduced in the process of acquisition of the operant behavioral task. We observed no LTP in this study although our rats were capable of having LTP induced by a high-frequency stimulus. The depression of fEPSP slope induced without any artificial stimulation in this study is thought to be another neural mechanism underlying learning and memory. The origins of excitatory and inhibitory inputs are unknown at the moment.
Shigeki Nomoto; Tomohiro Yamamoto; Jun-Ichi Tomioka; Emi Nomoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiology & behavior     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-507X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151504     Medline TA:  Physiol Behav     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Department of Central Nervous System, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-0015, Japan.
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