Document Detail

Changes in risk factors for unfavorable pregnancy outcome among singletons over twenty years.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7941984     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To examine the change in the prevalence and relative effect of pre-pregnancy risk factors for low birthweight and/or stillbirth and/or neonatal mortality over a period of twenty years. DESIGN: Two prospectively collected one year birth cohorts. SETTING: The two northernmost administrative districts of Finland. PATIENTS: A birth cohort for 1966 comprising 11905 singleton births and a cohort for 1985-86 containing a further 9247. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Risk factors for poor pregnancy outcome. RESULTS: In twenty years the prevalence of low birthweight infants among singletons decreased from 4.2% to 3.1% and that of stillbirths and neonatal deaths from 2.4% to 0.9%. The impact of single marital status decreased and while maternal age < 19 years was not an independent risk factor, the age > or = 35 years related more to poor pregnancy outcome. The proportion of multiparous women was halved but multiparity had a protective influence on pregnancy outcome meanwhile the impact of primiparity decreased markedly. In spite of more effective health education, the prevalence of heavy smokers was 4 times higher in the 1980s as compared with the 1960s, and its impact on adverse outcomes increased, with odds ratio (OR) 1.72 (confidence interval (CI) 1.14-2.61) in 1966 and OR 2.15 (CI 1.61-2.88) in 1985-86. The number of mothers with a previous low birthweight baby was halved but the impact of low birth weight was still great in the latter cohort (OR 2.47; CI 1.64-3.71). The impact of an earlier stillbirth and/or neonatal death increased significantly, with an OR 1.53 (CI 1.10-2.14) in 1966 and OR 2.95 (CI 1.81-4.81) in 1985-86, but the number of mothers concerned was halved from that in 1966. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of pregnancies with an adverse outcome decreased markedly, as did the prevalence of many of the risk factors. The proportion of > or = 35 years old parturients and of heavy smokers increased. The impact of primiparity decreased, while that of a previous outcome as assessed from pre-pregnancy factors has not improved in these twenty years, especially where primiparous parturients are concerned.
P Sipil?; A L Hartikainen; L von Wendt; H Oja
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0001-6349     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Publication Date:  1994 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-11-01     Completed Date:  1994-11-01     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370343     Medline TA:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  612-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Public Health Science, University of Oulu, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Fetal Death / epidemiology
Finland / epidemiology
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Age
Pregnancy Complications / epidemiology*
Pregnancy Outcome*
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors

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