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Changes in the rheological behavior of the vagina in women with pelvic organ prolapse.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23208004     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition impacting the quality of life of millions of women worldwide. Although vaginal estrogen is widely used in women with prolapse, little is known regarding estrogen's benefits on the biomechanical properties of vaginal tissue. Here, we aimed to examine the effect of prolapse on the biomechanical properties of the vagina and determine alterations in vaginal mechanics in the presence and absence of hormone therapy (HT). METHODS: We characterized the viscoelastic properties of vaginal biopsies from age-matched premenopausal women without (n = 12) and with prolapse (n = 8) and postmenopausal women with prolapse on (n = 18) and off HT (n = 9). Utilizing a single-lap shear testing protocol, full-thickness anterior vaginal biopsies were subjected to ±10 % shear strain over a range of frequencies (1-90 Hz). This applied energy is either dissipated (viscous) or stored (elastic) as a function of frequency due to compositional or structural differences in the tissue. RESULTS: Prolapsed tissue was more stiff (higher complex modulus) under shear deformation resulting from increases in both elastic (elastic modulus) and viscous (loss modulus) contributions, with non-prolapsed premenopausal women being the least stiff. Postmenopausal women with prolapse currently on HT were the most stiff of all the groups. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that prolapsed tissue has an increased elastic contribution likely resulting from changes in biochemical constituents, and hormones increase the viscous contribution of prolapsed tissue. Overall, this study design characterized the viscoelastic properties of vaginal biopsies and may be utilized to conduct longitudinal studies to better understand the mechanisms of prolapse development and progression.
Andrew Feola; Robert Duerr; Pamela Moalli; Steven Abramowitch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  International urogynecology journal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-3023     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Urogynecol J     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101567041     Medline TA:  Int Urogynecol J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Musculoskeletal Research Center, Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
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