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Changes in the photosynthetic reaction centre II in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum result in non-photochemical fluorescence quenching.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18397307     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Diatoms are an important group of primary producers in the aquatic environment. They are able to acclimate to fast changes in the light intensity by various mechanisms including a rise in non-photochemical fluorescence quenching (NPQ). The latter has been attributed to the xanthophyll cycle (XC) following activation of diadinoxanthin de-epoxidase by the acidification of the thylakoid lumen. To examine whether fluorescence quenching in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum depends on the DeltapH generated by the photosynthetic electron transport, we arrested the latter by 3-(3',4'-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU). This treatment hardly affected the NPQ or XC, even when methylviologen was present. Dissipation of the DeltapH by 2,4-dinitrophenol inhibited the XC but did not alter NPQ. Similar results, i.e. inhibition of the XC but normal fluorescence quenching, were observed when the experiments were performed at 3 degrees C. Measurements of thermoluminescence showed that excess light treatment caused a marked decline in the signals obtained as a result of recombination of Q(B) (-) with the S(3) state of the Mn cluster; this was also observed in cells treated with DCMU (recombination of Q(A) (-) with S(2)). Light treatment also diminished the Q(A) (-) re-oxidation signals. The data suggest that changes in PSII core centre itself due to exposure to excess light conditions play an important part in the acclimation of P. tricornutum to the changing light conditions.
Authors:
Doron Eisenstadt; Itzhak Ohad; Nir Keren; Aaron Kaplan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-04-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental microbiology     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1462-2920     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883692     Medline TA:  Environ Microbiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1997-2007     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Plant, Avron-EvenAri Center of Photosynthesis Research, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel.
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