Document Detail


Changes in patient drawings of the heart identify slow recovery after myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17079705     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate how changes in heart attack patients' drawings of their heart over the recovery period relate to psychological and functional recovery. METHODS: Sixty-nine inpatients admitted for acute myocardial infarction at the coronary care unit at a metropolitan hospital completed questionnaires at discharge, including a drawing of what they thought had happened to their heart after their heart attack. Fifty-six patients returned follow-up questionnaires at 3 and 6 months, including heart drawings, cardiac anxiety, time to return to work, changes in exercise frequency, and healthcare use. RESULTS: Increases in the size of the heart drawn at the 3-month follow-up relative to discharge were related to slower return to work (r = 0.48, p < .01), higher cardiac anxiety (r = 0.35, p < .05), and more phone calls to health services (r = 0.37, p < .05) as well as increases in worry about another myocardial infarction (r = 0.39, p < .01), increased activity restriction (r = 0.34, p < .05), higher use of alternative medicines (r = 0.40, p < .05), and less frequent exercise (r = -0.39, p < .05) relative to before the myocardial infarction. CONCLUSIONS: Drawings of the heart may be useful in identifying patients who have experienced heart attacks who are likely to develop greater heart-focused anxiety, complaints of ill health, and higher use of health care. Increases in the size of the patient's drawing of the heart may reflect increases in the extent to which their heart condition plays on their mind and directs their daily activities.
Authors:
Elizabeth Broadbent; Christopher J Ellis; Greg Gamble; Keith J Petrie
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-11-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatic medicine     Volume:  68     ISSN:  1534-7796     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosom Med     Publication Date:    2006 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-29     Completed Date:  2007-01-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376505     Medline TA:  Psychosom Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  910-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand. e.broadbent@auckland.ac.nz
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living
Anxiety*
Art*
Female
Health Services / utilization
Health Status
Heart*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / psychology*,  rehabilitation*
Predictive Value of Tests
Prognosis
Questionnaires

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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