Document Detail

Changes in maximal exercise ventilation and breathing pattern in boys during growth: a mixed cross-sectional longitudinal study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9429651     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this mixed cross-sectional longitudinal study covering a total age range of 11-17 years, i.e. the entire pubertal growth period, was (1) to specify the changes in maximal breathing pattern during incremental exercise; (2) to determine what parts of the changes are due to anthropometric characteristics, physical fitness and inspiratory or expiratory muscle strength; and (3) to determine if the role of these variables is identical before, during and after pubertal growth spurt. This study was conducted in 44 untrained schoolboys separated into three groups, with an initial age of 11.2 +/- 0.2 years for group A, 12.9 +/- 0.25 years for group B, and 14.9 +/- 0.26 years for group C. These children were subsequently followed for 3 years, during the same time period each year. The maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (PI max and PE max) were used as an index of the respiratory muscle strength. During an incremental exercise test, maximal ventilation (VE max), tidal volume (VT max), breathing frequency (fmax), inspiratory and expiratory times (tI max and tE max) and mean inspiratory flow (VT/tI max) were measured at maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). Our study showed that there was a marked increase with age in VE max, VT max, and VT/tI max, and no significant changes in fmax, tI max and tE max. PI max and PE max showed a general trend towards an increase between 11 and 17 years. The study of the linear correlations between maximal breathing pattern and the anthropometric characteristics, physical fitness and inspiratory or expiratory muscle strength showed that, in the three groups of children, (1) lean body mass was the major determinant of VE max, VT max and VT/tI max and the relationships were significantly different before, during and after the pubertal growth spurt; (2) physical fitness was the main determinant of tI max, tE max and fmax before and after the pubertal growth spurt; and (3) maximal respiratory strength did not play a significant role. In conclusion, this mixed cross-sectional longitudinal study showed, at maximal exercise, a significant increase in VE max during growth due only to a significant increase in VT max and VT/tI max, and that the relationships of anthropometric characteristics and physical fitness with maximal breathing pattern change during growth.
J Prioux; M Ramonatxo; J Mercier; P Granier; B Mercier; C Prefaut
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta physiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  161     ISSN:  0001-6772     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Physiol. Scand.     Publication Date:  1997 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-03-11     Completed Date:  1998-03-11     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370362     Medline TA:  Acta Physiol Scand     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  447-58     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratoire de Physiologie des Interactions, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, France.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Body Height / physiology
Body Mass Index
Body Weight / physiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise Test
Growth / physiology*
Longitudinal Studies
Maximal Voluntary Ventilation / physiology
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Physical Exertion / physiology
Physical Fitness / physiology
Regression Analysis
Respiration / physiology*
Respiratory Function Tests
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology
Tidal Volume / physiology
Time Factors
Vital Capacity / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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