Document Detail


Changes in intersegmental dynamics over time due to increased leg inertia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24080448     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of asymmetrical loading on the intersegmental dynamics of the swing phase. Participants were asked to walk on a treadmill for 20min under three loading conditions: (a) unloaded baseline, (b) 2kg attached to the dominant limb's ankle, and (c) post-load, following load removal. Sagittal plane motion data of both legs were collected and an intersegmental dynamics analysis of each swing phase was performed. Comparisons of steady-state responses across load conditions showed that absolute angular impulses of the loaded limb's hip and knee increased significantly after load addition, and returned to baseline following load removal. Unloaded leg steady-state responses were not different across load conditions. However, after a change in leg inertia both legs experienced a period of adaptation that lasted approximately 40 strides before a steady state walking pattern was achieved. These findings suggest that the central nervous system refined the joint moments over time to account for the altered limb inertia and to maintain the underlying kinematic walking pattern. Maintaining a similar kinematic walking pattern resulted in altered moment profiles of the loaded leg, but similar moment profiles of the unloaded leg compared with the unloaded baseline condition.
Authors:
Jeremy D Smith; Samantha Villa; Gary D Heise
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-9-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human movement science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7646     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum Mov Sci     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8300127     Medline TA:  Hum Mov Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
School of Sport & Exercise Science, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO, United States. Electronic address: Jeremy.Smith@unco.edu.
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