Document Detail


Changes in free amino acids in Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) during thermal and food stress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16427345     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Temporal changes in free amino acid pools are examined in starved and cold-exposed (10 degrees C) beetles (Alphitobius diaperinus) (control beetles; 4, 7, 14, 28 and 56 days of cold-exposure). The range of individual responses and the effect of gender on survival and free amino acid levels are evaluated. Females survived significantly longer (Lt50 and Lt90) than males under stressing conditions. Pro, Gln, Ala, Arg and Thr are the major components of the free amino acid pool in the whole body of adult beetles. Multivariate analysis indicates that the duration of exposure explains most of the observed variation in amino acid levels, while sex effect is not significant. Moreover, amino acid levels fluctuate strongly within each sampled date, revealing a high inter-individual heterogeneity. However, this heterogeneity decreases after four weeks of cold-exposure and starvation. The increase in Ala level and the concomitant decrease of Pro after four weeks suggest that Pro might be an important fuel for metabolism when fat reserves are reduced. We conclude that changes in free amino acid pools are due to a combination of reduced individual heterogeneity, cold-acclimation and amino acid degradation for energetic purposes.
Authors:
D Renault; A Bouchereau; Y R Delettre; F Hervant; P Vernon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-01-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology     Volume:  143     ISSN:  1095-6433     ISO Abbreviation:  Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-28     Completed Date:  2006-05-04     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806096     Medline TA:  Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  279-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Station Biologique, UMR 6553 CNRS, Université de Rennes 1, 35380 Paimpont, France. david.renault@univ-rennes1.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acclimatization / physiology*
Amino Acids / metabolism*
Animals
Beetles / metabolism*
Cold Temperature / adverse effects*
Female
Male
Principal Component Analysis
Starvation / metabolism*
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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