Document Detail


Changes in fatty acid composition of various full fat crushed oilseeds and their free oils when incubated with rumen liquor in vitro.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23301837     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The fatty acid pattern of dietary lipids can be modified during rumen biohydrogenation (BH). The objective of the present study was to assess changes in the FA pattern of different oilseed products supplied either as crushed full fat oilseed or as free oil after in vitro incubation with buffered rumen liquor. The FA patterns were determined at the beginning and compared with those measured after 24 h of incubation. The contents of fatty acids (FA) < C18 increased (p < 0.05) in nearly all treatments, eventually due to microbial de novo synthesis and fermentation of carbohydrates and proteins during incubation. In contrast, the contents of the dominating C18 FA, (oleic acid - C18:1c9, linoleic acid - C18:2c9,12, linolenic acid - C18:3c9,12,15) were reduced due to BH, resulting in the accumulation of characteristic BH intermediates, such as conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomer C18:2c9t11 (rumenic acid). However, both for crushed full fat oilseeds and their free oils the process of BH was not completed at the end of incubation. The disappearance was highest for C18:3c9,12,15, followed by C18:2c9,12 and C18:1c9. The rate of BH of unsaturated FA was higher in the crushed form compared to the oil form. Higher amounts of BH intermediates accumulated in the crushed form. Obviously, the physical form affects the degree of BH in vitro. The current results suggest that feeding crushed full fat seeds instead of their free oils to dairy cows might stimulate the formation of beneficial BH intermediates such as CLA in the rumen.
Authors:
Achim Hoffmann; Herbert Steingass; Margit Schollenberger; Helga Terry Jara; Karin Hartung; Eva Weiss; Rainer Mosenthin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of animal nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1745-039X     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Anim Nutr     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101222433     Medline TA:  Arch Anim Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a Institute of Animal Nutrition, University of Hohenheim , Stuttgart , Germany.
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