Document Detail

Changes in expression of the neuropeptide Y Y1 receptor gene in the medial amygdala of transgenic mice during pregnancy and after delivery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12358774     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Long-term administration of progesterone or allopregnanolone was previously shown to increase Y1 receptor gene expression in the medial amygdala of Y1R/LacZ transgenic mice, which harbor a construct comprising the murine Y1 receptor gene promoter and a lacZ reporter. We have now investigated the effects of physiological fluctuations in the cerebrocortical concentrations of neuroactive steroids during pregnancy on Y1R/LacZ transgene expression by quantitative histochemical analysis of beta-galactosidase activity. Cerebrocortical concentrations of progesterone and its metabolites allopregnanolone and allotetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone were increased on day 18 of pregnancy and had returned to control values 2 days after delivery. Transgene expression in the medial amygdala was also increased on day 18 of pregnancy and had returned to control values 2 days after delivery. Similar results were obtained after analysis of Y1R mRNA levels in the medial amygdala of pregnant mice by in situ hybridization. Administration of the 5alpha-reductase inhibitor finasteride to pregnant mice prevented both the increase in the cerebrocortical concentrations of neuroactive steroids as well as the increase in transgene expression. These data suggest that fluctuations in the brain concentrations of endogenous neuroactive steroids during pregnancy are associated with changes in Y1 receptor gene expression in the medial amygdala, further supporting a functional interaction between the GABAergic and NPY-Y1 receptor systems.
Alessandra Oberto; Mariangela Serra; Maria Giuseppina Pisu; Giovanni Biggio; Carola Eva
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurochemistry     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0022-3042     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurochem.     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-02     Completed Date:  2002-10-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985190R     Medline TA:  J Neurochem     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1272-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dipartimento di Anatomia, Farmacologia e Medicina Legale, Sezione di Farmacologia, Università di Torino, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Amygdala / cytology,  drug effects,  metabolism*
Cerebral Cortex / chemistry,  cytology,  metabolism
Desoxycorticosterone / analogs & derivatives,  analysis,  metabolism
Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
Finasteride / pharmacology
Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects,  physiology*
Genes, Reporter
In Situ Hybridization
Mice, Transgenic
Postpartum Period / metabolism*
Pregnancy, Animal / genetics,  metabolism*
Pregnanolone / analysis,  metabolism
Progesterone / analysis,  metabolism
RNA, Messenger / analysis,  metabolism
Receptors, Neuropeptide Y / genetics,  metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Enzyme Inhibitors; 0/RNA, Messenger; 0/Receptors, Neuropeptide Y; 0/neuropeptide Y-Y1 receptor; 128-20-1/Pregnanolone; 567-03-3/tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone; 57-83-0/Progesterone; 64-85-7/Desoxycorticosterone; 98319-26-7/Finasteride

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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