Document Detail


Changes in emotional empathy, affective responsivity, and behavior following severe traumatic brain injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22435955     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was designed to examine the relationship between deficits in empathy, emotional responsivity, and social behavior in adults with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). A total of 21 patients with severe TBI and 25 control participants viewed six film clips containing pleasant, unpleasant, and neutral content whilst facial muscle responses, skin conductance, and valence and arousal ratings were measured. Emotional empathy (the Balanced Emotional Empathy Scale, BEES: self-report) and changes in drive and control in social situations (The Current Behaviour Scale, CBS: relative report) were also assessed. In comparison to control participants, those in the TBI group reported less ability to empathize emotionally and had reduced facial responding to both pleasant and unpleasant films. They also exhibited lowered autonomic arousal, as well as abnormal ratings of valence and arousal, particularly to unpleasant films. Relative reported loss of emotional control was significantly associated with heightened empathy, while there was a trend to suggest that impaired drive (or motivation) may be related to lower levels of emotional empathy. The results represent the first to suggest that level of emotional empathy post traumatic brain injury may be associated with behavioral manifestations of disorders of drive and control. This study is a component of the primary author's doctoral dissertation conducted under the supervision of the second author. The authors wish to thank all who participated in the study, including the people with traumatic brain injuries, their families, and community controls who gave willingly of their time. The authors report no conflicts of interest. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.
Authors:
Arielle de Sousa; Skye McDonald; Jacqueline Rushby
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1744-411X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502170     Medline TA:  J Clin Exp Neuropsychol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a School of Psychology , University of New South Wales , Sydney , NSW , Australia.
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