Document Detail


Changes in eating habits following total and frontolateral laryngectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15558140     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
CONTEXT: Swallowing is a continuous dynamic process, characterized by complex stages, that involves structures of the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx and esophagus. It can be divided into three phases: oral, pharyngeal and esophageal. Dysphagia is characterized by difficulty with, or the inability to swallow food of normal consistencies. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of swallowing difficulties and modifications made to the consistency of the food consumed in cases of total and partial laryngectomy, with or without subsequent radiotherapy, among patients who had not been diagnosed as having dysphagia. TYPE OF STUDY: Descriptive study. SETTING: Voice Clinic of São Paulo Hospital, Universidade Federal de São Paulo/Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, Brazil. METHOD: 36 laryngectomy patients: 25 total and 11 frontolateral cases, were studied. A survey consisting of a 23-item questionnaire was applied by a single professional. RESULTS: Among those interviewed, 44% reported having modified the consistency of the food consumed (56% of the total and 20% of the partial frontolateral laryngectomy cases). It was not possible to investigate the influence of radiotherapy on the groups in this study, because the partial frontolateral laryngectomy cases were not exposed to radiotherapy. There was a higher incidence of complaints of swallowing difficulties in total laryngectomy cases (p < 0.027) than in partial frontolateral cases. However, there was no relationship between the surgery and weight loss. We also noted the patients' other problems regarding the eating process, as well as the compensation that they made for such problems. DISCUSSION: Research has shown an association between laryngectomy and swallowing difficulties, although there have been no reports of associated changes in eating habits among laryngectomized patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that difficulty in swallowing is not rare in total and frontolateral laryngectomy cases. Such patients, even those who did not complain of dysphagia, also had minor difficulties while eating, and had to make some adaptations to their meals.
Authors:
Jackeline Pillon; Maria Inês Rebelo Gonçalves; Noemi Grigoletto De Biase
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2004-11-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  São Paulo medical journal = Revista paulista de medicina     Volume:  122     ISSN:  1516-3180     ISO Abbreviation:  Sao Paulo Med J     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-11-23     Completed Date:  2005-04-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897261     Medline TA:  Sao Paulo Med J     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  195-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, Brazil. jackpillon.otor@epm.br
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Deglutition Disorders / etiology*,  physiopathology
Eating / physiology*
Female
Food Habits*
Head and Neck Neoplasms / radiotherapy,  surgery
Humans
Laryngectomy / adverse effects*,  methods
Male
Radiotherapy / adverse effects
Risk Factors
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Sao Paulo Med J. 2004 Sep 2;122(5):187   [PMID:  15558138 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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