Document Detail


Changes in the contractile properties of motor units in the rat medial gastrocnemius muscle after one month of treadmill training.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18298635     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: The influence of 4 weeks treadmill training on the contractile properties of motor units (MUs) in the rat medial gastrocnemius muscle was investigated. METHODS: A population of 18 Wistar rats was divided into two groups: trained on a treadmill (n = 7, locomotion speed 27 cm s(-1), 1 km daily, 5 days a week, for 4 weeks) and control (n = 11). The contractile properties of isolated MUs were studied. Functional isolation of units was achieved by electrical stimulation of filaments of the ventral roots. A total of 299 MUs were investigated (142 in the control group and 157 in the trained group). They were divided into fast fatigable (FF), fast resistant to fatigue (FR) and slow (S). Their proportions and parameters of contractions were analysed. RESULTS: Following training, the number of FF units decreased and the number of FR units increased. The distribution of the fatigue index changed within these two types of fast units. The twitch and tetanus forces increased considerably in fast MUs, mainly in those of the FF type. The contraction and relaxation times shortened in the FR and S MUs. The steep part of the force-frequency curves shifted towards higher stimulation frequencies in FR and S units, while in FF units the shift was in the opposite direction. CONCLUSION: The significant change in the proportions of fast MUs following training indicates FF to FR transformation. The various effects of training seen in the different MU types help explain the rationale behind mixed training.
Authors:
M Pogrzebna; J Celichowski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-02-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta physiologica (Oxford, England)     Volume:  193     ISSN:  1748-1716     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Physiol (Oxf)     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-28     Completed Date:  2008-08-20     Revised Date:  2009-02-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101262545     Medline TA:  Acta Physiol (Oxf)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  367-79     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurobiology, University School of Physical Education, Poznań, Poland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Behavior, Animal
Body Weight / physiology
Electric Stimulation / methods
Motor Activity / physiology*
Motor Neurons / physiology*
Muscle Contraction / physiology*
Muscle Fatigue / physiology
Muscle Fibers, Fast-Twitch / physiology
Muscle Fibers, Slow-Twitch / physiology
Muscle, Skeletal / anatomy & histology,  innervation*,  physiology
Rats
Rats, Wistar

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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