Document Detail

Changes in cardiac function at rest before and after treatment in primary hypothyroidism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11078310     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of the present study was to investigate in hypothyroid patients the reversibility of the prolongation of electromechanical delay and of the impairment of early diastolic relaxation as measured by radionuclide ventriculography after restoration of euthyroidism. We also evaluated Doppler echocardiography in relation to scintigraphic findings. Twenty-six consecutive hypothyroid patients were studied at diagnosis and after treatment. The time to peak ejection decreased (161 +/- 6 vs 145 +/- 5 ms; p = 0.03) without changes in global systolic function (ejection fraction). The peak filling rate was reversible as well: 2.6 +/- 0.1 versus 3.0 +/- 0.2 end-diastolic volume/s; p = 0.003. No significant changes in systolic and diastolic cardiac function or ventricular geometry were detected by Doppler echocardiography. However, subanalysis of profoundly hypothyroid patients (free T4 < 4.5 pmol/L, n = 8) revealed a decrease in the septal wall thickness (9.9 +/- 0.7 vs 8.3 +/- 0.4 mm, p = 0.01) and increases in early peak transmitral inflow velocity (53 +/- 4 vs 65 +/- 4 cm/s, p = 0.03), as well as left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (4.8 +/- 0.1 vs 5.1 +/- 0.2 cm, p < 0.05) after treatment. Thus, in primary hypothyroidism, a subtle reversible prolongation of contraction without major changes in global systolic function and a decrease in early active relaxation is observed by radionuclide ventriculography. Echocardiography shows changes only in severely hypothyroid patients.
E T Tielens; M Pillay; C Storm; A Berghout
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2000 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-11-15     Completed Date:  2000-11-30     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  376-80     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Internal Medicine, Zuiderziekenhuis, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Case-Control Studies
Echocardiography, Doppler
Heart / physiopathology*,  radionuclide imaging
Heart Function Tests
Hypothyroidism / drug therapy,  physiopathology*
Middle Aged
Thyrotropin / blood
Thyroxine / blood,  therapeutic use
Reg. No./Substance:
7488-70-2/Thyroxine; 9002-71-5/Thyrotropin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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