Document Detail

Changes in antidepressant metabolism in pregnancy evidenced by metabolic ratios in hair: a novel approach.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20060670     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Depression and other psychiatric illnesses are common during pregnancy and are often treated with antidepressants. Physiological changes of pregnancy may alter the pharmacokinetics of medications and ultimately affect the dose required to maintain effective therapy. Human hair offers a safe, non-invasive way to monitor long term systemic exposures to medications. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the ratio of hair antidepressant: major metabolite differed when early and late pregnancy was compared to the postpartum period. METHODS: Segmental analyses using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-mass spectrometry were performed on hair samples. The mean concentration of parent compound and metabolite was found for each trimester and the postpartum period. RESULTS: Twelve women provided hair samples of which nine samples were long enough to analyze the first and third trimesters along with the postpartum period. Citalopram, venlafaxine, fluoxetine and sertraline were the antidepressants studied. In the citalopram group, a statistically significant difference existed between the citalopram:norcitalopram ratio when the first trimester was compared to the postpartum period (0.89+/-0.26 versus 1.4+/-0.24 respectively, p=0.022). A statistically significant difference also existed between the third trimester and the postpartum period for the citalopram group (0.9+/-0.14 and 1.4+/-0.24 respectively, p=0.048). No other statistically significant differences were found. CONCLUSION: It is important that variations in drug metabolism during pregnancy be considered as these changes may necessitate a dosage adjustment to ensure that therapeutic failure does not occur during pregnancy.
Lisa O'Brien; Carina Baumer; Detlef Thieme; Hans Sachs; Gideon Koren
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-01-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Forensic science international     Volume:  196     ISSN:  1872-6283     ISO Abbreviation:  Forensic Sci. Int.     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-22     Completed Date:  2010-06-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902034     Medline TA:  Forensic Sci Int     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  93-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Antidepressive Agents / pharmacokinetics*
Citalopram / analogs & derivatives,  pharmacokinetics
Cyclohexanols / pharmacokinetics
Fluoxetine / pharmacokinetics
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Hair / metabolism*
Postpartum Period / metabolism*
Pregnancy / metabolism*
Pregnancy Trimester, First
Pregnancy Trimester, Third
Sertraline / pharmacokinetics
Grant Support
//Canadian Institutes of Health Research
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antidepressive Agents; 0/Cyclohexanols; 0/desmethylcitalopram; 54910-89-3/Fluoxetine; 59729-33-8/Citalopram; 79617-96-2/Sertraline; 93413-69-5/venlafaxine

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