Document Detail

Changes in PCO2 with acute changes in cardiac index.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8829863     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: A direct relationship between cardiac index (CI) and end-tidal PCO2 (PETCO2) shortly after decreased CI was reported, but arterial PCO2 was not measured. Our purpose was to supply the missing information on the immediate effects of alterations in CI on PaCO2, PETCO2 and thus on Pa-PETCO2. METHODS: We measured CI, Pa and PETCO2 and calculated the difference in 20 patients scheduled for elective heart surgery just before and immediately after the sternotomy. The measurements were made using standard methods: thermodilution for CI, infra-red and blood gas analysis for PET and PaCO2 respectively. The results were analyzed by linear regression. RESULTS: Very significant, direct and immediate changes in PET and PaCO2 with changes in CI were noted. The ratios were 3.8 and 4.2 mmHg L-1 respectively. The calculated values of r were 0.75 (P < 0.001) for PETCO2 and 0.64 (P < 0.005) for PaCO2. The magnitude of individual change in PCO2 varied considerably such that the alterations in Pa-PETCO2 were also variable, without any correlation with the direction or magnitude of change in CI. CONCLUSION: Our results explain the reported wide variations in Pa-PETCO2 that accompany perturbations of cardiac output. Our observations pertain to the unsteady state only. The results suggest that PETCO2 can be used to estimate changes in CI with a reasonable degree of confidence.
R W Wahba; M J Tessler; F Béïque; S J Kleiman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal canadien d'anesthésie     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0832-610X     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Anaesth     Publication Date:  1996 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-10-17     Completed Date:  1996-10-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701709     Medline TA:  Can J Anaesth     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  243-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anaesthesia, SMBD-Jewish General Hospital, Montreal.
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MeSH Terms
Carbon Dioxide / blood*
Cardiac Output*
Linear Models
Middle Aged
Partial Pressure
Tidal Volume
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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