Document Detail

Changes in ATP, phosphocreatine, and 16 metabolites in muscle stimulated for up to 96 hours.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8897822     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Rabbit tibialis anterior muscles were stimulated continuously at 10 Hz for periods ranging from 2 min to 96 h and were analyzed for energy reserves and metabolic intermediates. Glycogen, ATP and phosphocreatine fell rapidly during the first 5 min of stimulation. Glycogen continued to fall to very low levels, whereas ATP and phosphocreatine rose, reaching 70% of control by 1 h, despite ongoing stimulation. After 2 h, glycogen also increased, regaining control levels in 4 days. Glucose rose to 4.5 times control in 30 min and still exceeded 2.5 times control at 24 h. In the first 2 min, glycolytic intermediates, glucose 6-phosphate (G-6-P), fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, lactate, and pyruvate more than doubled and then returned to control levels or below. Malate and 3-glycerophosphate rose 600 and 200%, respectively. Both of these compounds participate in shuttling reducing equivalents from cytoplasm into mitochondria. Citrate and alpha-ketoglutarate underwent much more modest changes. Glucose 1,6-bisphosphate (G-1,6-P2) fell to one-third of control by 2 h and then rose dramatically at 4 h. At 4 days it was still twice control. The 6-phosphogluconate (6PG) doubled at 2 min, then rose to 12 times control at 2 h, fell somewhat, and peaked at 16 times control at 24 h. Aspartate and alanine both exhibited a biphasic rise in concentration, whereas glutamate fell to 30% in 15 min and rose slowly after 4 h. The rise in glucose was interpreted to be the consequence of rapid glycogenolysis together with inhibition of hexokinase by G-1,6-P2 and elevated G-6-P. Paradoxically, glycogen resynthesis apparently occurred when the glycogen synthase stimulator, G-6-P, was very low, and the glycolysis stimulator, G-1,6-P2, was high. Although G-1,6-P2 is an inhibitor of 6PG dehydrogenase, the timing of the changes in G-1,6-P2 and 6PG levels suggests that the accumulation of 6PG was initiated by some other influence.
S Salmons; J C Jarvis; C N Mayne; M M Chi; J K Manchester; D B McDougal; O H Lowry
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  271     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1996 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-16     Completed Date:  1996-12-16     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  C1167-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism*
Electric Stimulation
Energy Metabolism
Muscles / metabolism*
Phosphocreatine / metabolism*
Time Factors
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
56-65-5/Adenosine Triphosphate; 67-07-2/Phosphocreatine

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