Document Detail

Changes of biochemical parameters and enzyme activities in broiler chickens with cold-induced ascites.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19096064     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An experiment with 250 one-day-old male broilers (Ross 308) was conducted to investigate the differences of some blood parameters of cold-induced ascitic and healthy broiler chicks in a 6-wk period. The chickens were divided into 2 groups of 5 replicates each. One group of these chickens was raised in normal temperature (NT) treatment and the other in cold temperature (CT) treatment to induce ascites. Mortality was necropsied daily to determine cause of death. At the end of the experiment (wk 6), 5 chickens from each replicate were randomly selected and slaughtered. The heart was removed; the right ventricle was dissected away from the left ventricle and septum. Weights of right and left ventricles were determined separately. Average BW gain and average feed intake were measured weekly, and weekly average feed conversion ratio was calculated. Serum glucose, total protein, cholesterol, triglyceride, activity of lactate dehydrogenase, as-partate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase were determined. Throughout the study, the right ventricle-to-total ventricle ratio and total mortality percentage due to ascites of CT-treated birds at the end of experiment was greater (P < or = 0.05) than those of NT-treated ones. Fasting blood sugar of CT-treated birds in wk 4 and 6 was greater (P < or = 0.05) than NT-treated birds. Total blood protein of CT treatment was lower than NT-treated birds in every week and whole period, but this difference was only significant (P < or = 0.05) in wk 6. There was not a significant difference between 2 treatments for triglyceride and cholesterol, lactate dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase. It was concluded that cold-induced ascites could affect serum protein and fasting blood sugar of broiler chickens.
M Daneshyar; H Kermanshahi; A Golian
Related Documents :
7524054 - Influence of amylase genotypes on growth rate and feed conversion of chickens.
17701504 - Evaluation of an intestinal lactobacillus reuteri strain expressing rumen fungal xylana...
9789764 - The study of riboflavin requirement in broiler chickens.
15012904 - Effect of ascorbic acid and acute heat exposure on heat shock protein 70 expression by ...
1011044 - Factors affecting liver lipid content in pyridoxing-deficient rats. i. dietary protein ...
19749424 - Alterations in brain cholesterol metabolism in the appslxps1mut mouse, a model for alzh...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  88     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-19     Completed Date:  2009-03-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  106-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Animal Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, PO Box 91775-1163, Mashhad, Iran.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Alanine Transaminase / blood*
Ascites / metabolism,  veterinary*
Aspartate Aminotransferases / blood*
Cold Temperature / adverse effects
Feeding Behavior
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood*
Poultry Diseases / metabolism*
Weight Gain
Reg. No./Substance:
EC Dehydrogenase; EC Aminotransferases; EC Transaminase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  The partitioning of metabolizable energy by broiler chickens.
Next Document:  Effect of enzyme supplementation and acidification of diets on nutrient digestibility and growth per...