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Changeability of sperm chromatin structure during liquid storage of ovine semen in milk-egg yolk- and soybean lecithin-based extenders and their relationships to field-fertility.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23288451     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this experiment was to study the effect of semen extender on sperm chromatin structure and to correlate chromatin integrity with field-fertility of preserved ram semen. Ejaculates of at least 2 × 10(9) sperm/ml and 70 % progressive motility were collected using an artificial vagina from Chios rams (n = 11, 4-6 years old), split-diluted to 1 × 10(9) sperm/ml with milk-egg yolk- and soybean lecithin (Ovixcell(®))-based extenders, packaged in 0.5-ml straws and examined after 6, 24 and 48 h of storage at 5 ± 1 °C. Evaluation endpoints were computer-assisted sperm motion analysis, fluorescence-based analysis of chromatin structure by chromomycin A(3) and acridine orange assays, and 65-day pregnancy rate (PR) of 34- to 36-h preserved semen after intra-cervical insemination of ewes (n = 154) in progestagen-synchronized estrus. Neither extender nor storage time had any influence on incidence of decondensed chromatin. Unlike Ovixcell(®) extender, deterioration of sperm motility (P < 0.01) and chromatin stability (P < 0.005) was detected after 48 h of storage in milk-egg yolk extender. Sperm motility accounted for 14.4-18.5 % of variations in chromatin integrity (P < 0.001). No significant difference was found in PR of Ovixcell(®)- and milk-egg yolk-stored semen. Nevertheless, PR differed between rams (14.3-71.4 %; P < 0.025). Chromatin integrity explained 10.2-56.3 % of variations in PR (P < 0.05-0.01). A pronounced decline in PR (19.1 %) was observed when percentages of decondensed and destabilized chromatin have reached thresholds of 10.5-30 % and 4-9 %, respectively. In conclusion, Ovixcell(®) is superior to milk-egg yolk extender in preserving chromatin stability and motility. Chromatin defects are negatively associated with sperm fertility.
Authors:
Tarek Khalifa; Aristotelis Lymberopoulos
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cell and tissue banking     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-6814     ISO Abbreviation:  Cell Tissue Bank     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100965121     Medline TA:  Cell Tissue Bank     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
EquiBiotech Inc-Research Services in Farm Animal Breeding, 19 Gravias street, 54645, Thessaloniki, Greece, drtarekkhalifa@gmail.com.
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