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Change of prevalence and clinical aspects of fungal ball according to temporal difference.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23188164     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fungal ball in paranasal sinus was reported to be rare, but these days we have encountered numerous cases. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 4,485 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who underwent sinus surgery from 1999 to 2010. Patients were categorized into group A (patients from 1999 to 2004) and group B (patients from 2005 to 2010). We compared the prevalence and clinical aspects of fungal ball between the two groups by analyzing the medical records, PNS CT findings, surgical findings, and pathologic reports. One hundred and twelve patients were diagnosed with fungal ball during the study periods. The prevalence of fungal ball was 0.9 % (23/2,333) in group A and 4.1 % (89/2,152) in group B, showing that it increased 4.6 times over 6 years. The prevalence of underlying diseases was 21.7 % (5/23) for hypertension and 8.7 % (2/23) for diabetes in group A, and 23.6 % (21/89) for hypertension and 14.6 % (13/89) for diabetes in group B. On PNS CT examination, calcification was identified in 78.2 % (18/23) of cases in group A and 44.9 % (40/89) in group B. The most involved paranasal sinus in group A was the co-involved maxillary and ethmoid sinuses at 26.1 % (6/23), whereas, the most prevalent involved sinus in group B was the maxillary sinus at 33.7 % (30/89). We found that the prevalence of fungal ball has increased steadily each year since 2005, accompanied by changes in the clinical aspects. These facts should be kept in mind when diagnosing and treating patients with medically intractable CRS.
Authors:
Jun Seok Lee; Seung Youp Shin; Kun Hee Lee; Sung Wan Kim; Joong Saeng Cho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1434-4726     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9002937     Medline TA:  Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Hoegi-dong, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, 130-702, Korea.
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