Document Detail


Change in taste preference in undernourished elderly hospitalized subjects during periods of infection and convalescence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19151907     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To determine the impact of taste pleasure supplements on modifications of food intake in hospitalized frail elderly patients. METHODS: Thirty hospitalized frail elderly patients tasted different formulas of a high-protein coffee supplement: -supplement C, commercial version; - supplement CA with artificial coffee flavor; - supplement CS with sucrose and - supplement CAS with sucrose and artificial coffee flavor. The preference for the supplements was analyzed by the Friedman test followed by a post hoc Tukey's test. The food intakes in each period were compared by repeated ANOVA and the food intakes of the two periods were compared using Student's t test. All measurements were made during periods of infection and convalescence. RESULTS: The supplements CAS and CS were significantly more appreciated than the current commercial version C (P < .05). The patients could be classified into two groups: consumers (consuming the supplements) and nonconsumers (just tasting the supplements). Taking supplements can increase the total energy intake for consumers (P < .01), especially during periods of infection; no modification was observed in the non-consumers. CONCLUSION: The use of supplements to increase sensory pleasure can be one feasible way to increase energy intake in hospitalized elderly patients with an infectious disease.
Authors:
V Van Wymelbeke; T Jiang; P Pfitzenmeyer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of nutrition, health & aging     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1279-7707     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Health Aging     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-19     Completed Date:  2009-04-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100893366     Medline TA:  J Nutr Health Aging     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  40-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Hôpital de Champmaillot, Service de Médecine Gériatrique, CHU de Dijon, Dijon, France. vanwymelbeke@cesg.cnrs.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Analysis of Variance
C-Reactive Protein
Coffee
Communicable Diseases / complications,  psychology*
Convalescence / psychology
Diet*
Dietary Sucrose
Dietary Supplements*
Energy Intake*
Female
Frail Elderly
Hospitalization
Humans
Male
Malnutrition / diet therapy*,  etiology,  psychology
Taste Perception*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Coffee; 0/Dietary Sucrose; 9007-41-4/C-Reactive Protein

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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