Document Detail

Change in smoking and drinking after september 11, 2001, in a national sample of ever smokers and ever drinkers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18277219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Telephone survey methodology was used to examine smoking and drinking after the September 11 terrorist attacks in a representative national sample. Most ever smokers and ever drinkers reported no change in substance use after the attacks. Smokers and drinkers who increased substance use were significantly more likely than those who did not to endorse a number of emotional reactions and functional difficulties. The pattern of associations of decreased use with emotional reactions and functional difficulties differed between smokers and drinkers. In general, decreased smoking was associated with denial of emotional reactions and functional difficulties whereas decreased drinking was associated with endorsement of these reactions and difficulties. The results have implications for research, clinical practice, and public health.
Betty Pfefferbaum; Carol S North; Rose L Pfefferbaum; Elaine H Christiansen; John K Schorr; Robert D Vincent; Angela S Boudreaux
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nervous and mental disease     Volume:  196     ISSN:  1539-736X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-15     Completed Date:  2008-03-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375402     Medline TA:  J Nerv Ment Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  113-21     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73126-0901, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Activities of Daily Living / psychology
Affective Symptoms / epidemiology,  psychology
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*,  psychology*
Alcoholism / epidemiology*,  psychology*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depressive Disorder / epidemiology,  psychology
Follow-Up Studies
Health Surveys
Middle Aged
Patient Acceptance of Health Care / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Risk Factors
September 11 Terrorist Attacks / psychology*
Smoking / epidemiology*,  psychology*
Social Perception
Socioeconomic Factors
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology,  psychology
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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