Document Detail


Change in mortality from coronary heart disease and stroke in Arkansas (1979 to 2007).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21211595     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Coronary heart disease (CHD)- and stroke-related mortality rates have been greater in the Southern states than in the rest of the United States. Although a sustained decrease in mortality from CHD and stroke has occurred in the United States during the past 3 decades, it is not known whether a similar decrease occurred in the Southern states. We examined CHD- and stroke-related deaths from 1979 to 2007 in Arkansas and observed a marked and steady decrease in both death rates. A concurrent increase occurred in the prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, with a decrease in physical inactivity and poverty during this period. However, we noted a significant decrease in the per capita cigarette sales in Arkansas that closely paralleled the decrease in CHD- and stroke-related deaths. In conclusion, although the extensive use of cardioprotective drugs, as well as coronary revascularization, might have contributed to the decrease, we have provided evidence to suggest that the decrease in cigarette smoking was a very important factor in the decrease in CHD- and stroke-related mortality.
Authors:
Appathurai Balamurugan; Paulette Mehta; Joseph Bates; Jawahar L Mehta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  107     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-07     Completed Date:  2011-04-05     Revised Date:  2011-05-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  156-60     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Arkansas / epidemiology
Cause of Death / trends
Coronary Disease / mortality*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Stroke / mortality*
Survival Rate / trends
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
Am J Cardiol. 2011 Apr 1;107(7):1104

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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