Document Detail


Change of cardiac function, but not form, in postprandial pythons.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21605694     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Pythons are renowned for a rapid and pronounced postprandial growth of the heart that coincides with a several-fold elevation of cardiac output that lasts for several days. Here we investigate whether ventricular morphology is affected by digestive state in two species of pythons (Python regius and Python molurus) and we determine the cardiac right-to-left shunt during the postprandial period in P. regius. Both species experienced several-fold increases in metabolism and mass of the digestive organs by 24 and 48h after ingestion of meals equivalent to 25% of body mass. Surprisingly there were no changes in ventricular mass or dimensions as we used a meal size and husbandry conditions similar to studies finding rapid and significant growth. Based on these data and literature we therefore suggest that postprandial cardiac growth should be regarded as a facultative rather than obligatory component of the renowned postprandial response. The cardiac right-to-left shunt, calculated on the basis of oxygen concentrations in the left and right atria and the dorsal aorta, was negligible in fasting P. regius, but increased to 10-15% during digestion. Such shunt levels are very low compared to other reptiles and does not support a recent proposal that shunts may facilitate digestion in reptiles.
Authors:
Bjarke Jensen; Casper Kornbech Larsen; Jan Møller Nielsen; Lasse Stærdal Simonsen; Tobias Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-4332     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806096     Medline TA:  Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Biological Sciences, Zoophysiology, Aarhus University, Denmark.
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