Document Detail

Cetaceans on a molecular fast track to ultrasonic hearing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20933423     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The early radiation of cetaceans coincides with the origin of their defining ecological and sensory differences [1, 2]. Toothed whales (Odontoceti) evolved echolocation for hunting 36-34 million years ago, whereas baleen whales (Mysticeti) evolved filter feeding and do not echolocate [2]. Echolocation in toothed whales demands exceptional high-frequency hearing [3], and both echolocation and ultrasonic hearing have also evolved independently in bats [4, 5]. The motor protein Prestin that drives the electromotility of the outer hair cells (OHCs) is likely to be especially important in ultrasonic hearing, because it is the vibratory response of OHC to incoming sound waves that confers the enhanced sensitivity and selectivity of the mammalian auditory system [6, 7]. Prestin underwent adaptive change early in mammal evolution [8] and also shows sequence convergence between bats and dolphins [9, 10], as well as within bats [11]. Focusing on whales, we show for the first time that the extent of protein evolution in Prestin can be linked directly to the evolution of high-frequency hearing. Moreover, we find that independent cases of sequence convergence in mammals have involved numerous identical amino acid site replacements. Our findings shed new light on the importance of Prestin in the evolution of mammalian hearing.
Yang Liu; Stephen J Rossiter; Xiuqun Han; James A Cotton; Shuyi Zhang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current biology : CB     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1879-0445     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Biol.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107782     Medline TA:  Curr Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1834-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.
Data Bank Information
Bank Name/Acc. No.:
GENBANK/HQ176004;  HQ176005;  HQ176006;  HQ176007;  HQ176008
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