Document Detail

Cesarean delivery for intrapartum fetal heart rate abnormalities: incorporating survey data into clinical judgment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8684764     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To identify the descriptive clinical practice of maternal-fetal medicine specialists when faced with severe intrapartum fetal heart rate (FHR) abnormalities (as determined by continuous electronic fetal monitoring). METHODS: All regular members of the Society of Perinatal Obstetricians (maternal-fetal medicine specialists) were sent a survey questionnaire on the topic of cesarean delivery for intrapartum FHR abnormalities. The time from observation of FHR abnormalities to making the decision to proceed to cesarean delivery was the main outcome measure. Time was allowed for intrauterine resuscitative maneuvers to alleviate the abnormal pattern. Legislative definitions of consensus and strong consensus were applied to the data. Analysis of covariance was performed to determine the effect of physician demographic factors on the times reported. RESULTS: Four hundred thirty-one of 704 (61.2%) questionnaires were returned. Consensus was identified for deciding on cesarean delivery (after intrauterine resuscitation) 1) after 30 minutes for cases of repetitive late and severe variable decelerations, 2) after 10 minutes in cases of fetal bradycardia, and 3) in all scenarios with decreased beat-to-beat variability of the FHR. Consensus was identified for deciding on cesarean delivery in five of eight intrapartum FHR pattern abnormalities. CONCLUSION: The descriptive clinical practice of maternal-fetal medicine specialists demonstrated in this study should be considered in prudential clinical judgment.
D W Skupski; F A Chervenak; L B McCullough; S Horowitz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  88     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  1996 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-08-16     Completed Date:  1996-08-16     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  60-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, New York Hospital-Cornell University Medical Center, New York, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Arrhythmias, Cardiac*
Cesarean Section*
Fetal Diseases*
Heart Rate, Fetal*
Labor, Obstetric*
Physician's Practice Patterns

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