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Cesarean Section without Urethral Catheterization: A Randomized Control Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23132469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background Urethral catheterization is done as a routine procedure in cesarean section. It is associated with high incidence of urinary tract infections, discomfort, delayed ambulation and longer hospital stay Objective To determine the feasibility and safety of cesarean section without urethral catheterization. Methods A prospective, randomized controlled trial was carried out from April 2008 to March 2009, in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences. Among 150 patients who had undergone cesarean section 75 were catheterized and 75 were uncatheterized. Results First void discomfort was significantly associated with the use of indwelling catheter (OR 6.95, CI 95 %, 3.74 to 12.95; P less than 0.001).Significant number of patients with indwelling catheter had signs and symptoms of urinary tract infection (OR 6,CI 95%, 2.59 to 13. 86; P less than 0.001). Positive urinalysis for urinary tract infection was high in catheterized group (P less than 0.001). Hospital stay was shorter in patients without catheter (p less than 0.05). None of the patients had bladder injury. There were no significant differences in duration of surgery and ambulation time between two groups of patients. Conclusions Cesarean section can be done safely without urethral catheterization with reduced morbidities.
S Acharya; D K Uprety; H P Pokharel; R Amatya; R Rai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Kathmandu University medical journal (KUMJ)     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1812-2078     ISO Abbreviation:  Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ)     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101215359     Medline TA:  Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ)     Country:  Nepal    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  18-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medical Sciences, Bharatpur.
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