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Ceria based catalyst for cathode in non-aqueous electrolyte based Li/O(2) batteries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23059839     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
This study suggests combustion synthesized Ce(1-x)Zr(x)O(2) (CZO; x = 0.1-0.5) as a new catalyst for the cathode in non-aqueous electrolyte based Li/O(2) cells. The spherical catalysts have a fluorite structure with a mean diameter of 5-17 nm. Zr doping into the ceria lattice leads to the reduction of Ce(4+) to Ce(3+), which further improves the catalyst performance. Electrochemical studies of CZO as a cathode catalyst in the Li/O(2) cell show that CZO follows a two-electron pathway for oxygen reduction. A maximum discharge capacity of 1620 mAh g(-1) is obtained for the Ce(0.8)Zr(0.2)O(2) catalyst due to its high surface area and porosity. A composite of CZO and MnO(2) shows even better performance as a cathode catalyst for the Li/O(2) cell.
Ramchandra S Kalubarme; Min-Seung Cho; Jae-Kook Kim; Chan-Jin Park
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nanotechnology     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1361-6528     ISO Abbreviation:  Nanotechnology     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101241272     Medline TA:  Nanotechnology     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  435703     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Chonnam National University, 77, Yongbong-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju, 500 757, Republic of Korea.
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