Document Detail


Cerebral ventricular volume and temperamental difficulties in infancy. The Generation R Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18787659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have provided evidence for subtle deviations in brain morphology in children with psychiatric disorders, but much less is known about the onset and developmental trajectory of these deviations early in life. We sought to determine whether variances in cerebral ventricular size in fetuses and newborns are associated with temperamental difficulties in infants.
METHODS: Within a population-based cohort study, we measured the size of the lateral ventricle of the fetus' brain twice during pregnancy. We used 3-dimensional cranial ultrasound to measure the cerebral ventricular volume of infants at age 6 weeks. We then related the size of the cerebral ventricular system to temperamental dimensions at age 3 months using the Mother and Baby Scales, and at age 6 months using the Infant Behavior Questionnaire for a total of 1028 infants.
RESULTS: The size of the lateral ventricle of the fetuses in midpregnancy was not related to temperamental difficulties in infants; however, smaller lateral ventricles in late pregnancy were associated with higher activity levels at the age of 6 months. Infants with smaller ventricular volumes at age 6 weeks experienced higher activity levels, more anger or irritability and poorer orienting later in infancy. Children with the lowest ventricular volumes scored on average 0.15 (95% confidence interval 0.06-0.23, p = 0.001) points higher (23%) on activity levels than children with the highest ventricular volumes.
CONCLUSION: Variations in ventricular size before and shortly after birth are associated with temperamental difficulties. Some of the morphologic differences between children with and without psychiatric disorders may develop very early in life.
Authors:
Sabine J Roza; Paul P Govaert; Maarten H Lequin; Vincent W V Jaddoe; Henriette A Moll; Eric A P Steegers; Albert Hofman; Frank C Verhulst; Henning Tiemeier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1488-2434     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psychiatry Neurosci     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-12     Completed Date:  2009-03-17     Revised Date:  2013-05-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107859     Medline TA:  J Psychiatry Neurosci     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  431-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cerebral Ventricles / anatomy & histology*
Humans
Infant
Infant Behavior / psychology*
Mood Disorders / physiopathology*,  psychology*
Mother-Child Relations
Questionnaires
Temperament*
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